Cromatica

Este important sa avem cateva cunostinte de cromatica pentru a realiza un machiaj de calitate. Am pregatit pentru tine cateva sfaturi, care speram sa iti fie de ajutor!

It is important to have some chromaticity knowledge to achieve a high quality makeup. We’ve prepared some tips for you, which we hope will help!

 

Teoria culorilor RYB(red-yellow-blue/rosu-galben-albastru) este folosita in pictura, crearea vestimentatiei, design interior, machiaj si in general, in tot ce tine de arta. Cercul cromatic, o creatie a lui Johannes Itten, ne va ajuta sa intelegem mai usor aceasta teorie. Cercul cromatic mai este supranumit si roata culorilor sau steaua culorilor.

Culorile primare sunt rosu, galben si albastru. Nu sunt create prin combinarea altor culori si au cel mai inalt grad de stralucire. Plecand de la ele se pot obtine toate celelalte culori. Putem obtine toate nuantele existente in natura, prin combinarea acestora in diferite proportii, dar si cu ajutorul nonculorilor.

The RYB (red-yellow-blue) color theory is used in painting, clothing creation, interior design, make-up, and everything else in the art. The chromatic wheel, a work by Johannes Itten, will help us understand this theory more easily. The color wheel is also called the cromatic wheel or the  color star.

The primary colors are red, yellow and blue. They are not created by combining other colors and have the highest level of shine. Starting from them, you can get all the other colors. We can get all the shades that exist in nature by combining them in different proportions, but also with the help of non-colors.

Culorile secundare se obtin prin combinarea celor primare in proportii egale, doua cate doua. Astfel:

Secondary colors are obtained by combining the primary ones in equal proportions, two by two. So:

  • ROSU+GALBEN= ORANJ (PORTOCALIU)          / ROSE + YELLOW = ORANGE
  • GALBEN+ALBASTRU= VERDE                           / YELLOW + BLUE = GREEN
  • ALBASTRU+ROSU= VIOLET                               /BLUE + RED = VIOLET

Culorile tertiale, sunt acele culori obtinute prin combinarea unei culori primare si a unei culori secundare alaturate:

The tertiary colors are those colors obtained by combining a primary color with a secondary color:

  • ROSU+ORANJ= ORANJ-ROSCAT                                         / RED + ORANGE = ORANGE-RED
  • ROSU+VIOLET= VIOLET-ROSCAT                                       / RED + VIOLET = VIOLET-RED
  • ALBASTRU+VIOLET= INDIGO                                             / BLUE + VIOLET = INDIGO
  • ALBASTRU+VERDE= TURCOAZ                                          / BLUE + GREEN = TURQUOISE
  • GALBEN+VERDE= VERDE-GALBUI                                    / YELLOW + GREEN = GREEN-YELLOW
  • GALBEN+ORANJ= ORANJ-GALBUI (AURIU)                     / YELLOW + ORANGE = ORANGE-YELLOW (GOLD)

Sursa: https://atelierezoetno.wordpress.com/2012/11/08/cum-ne-ajuta-teoria-culorilor-in-procesul-de-creatie/

 

Acestea sunt cele 12 culori care formeaza cercul cromatic, numite si culori pure.

These are the 12 colors that form the chromatic circle, also called pure colors.

 

Culorile acromatice: ALB, NEGRU, GRI

Albul si negrul nu se gasesc in natura in forma pura. Griul, se obtine prin combinarea albului cu negru in diferite proportii.

Acest set de culori este modelul standard pentru “smokey eye” si se potriveste cromatic tuturor. Culorile acromatice (nonculorile) se pot adauga oricarei combinatii cromatice.

Acromatic colors: WHITE, BLACK, GRAY

White and black are not found in nature, in pure form. Gray, it’s obtained by combining white and black in varying proportions. This color set is the standard smokey eye makeup model and is chromatically suited to everyone. Chromatic colors (non-colors) can be added to any chromatic combination.

 

 

Scheme de culori:

Color schemes:

 

Machiajul monocromatic: acest tip de machiaj este realizat dintr-o singura culoare, cu variatii de luminozitate si intunecime.

Monochromatic Makeup: This type of makeup is made of a single color, with variations of brightness and darkness.

sursa: https://www.google.ro/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&ved=2ahUKEwjC_qfxvvrbAhVM6aQKHU95AKgQjRx6BAgBEAU&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.pinterest.com%2Fpin%2F142496775689254147%2F&psig=AOvVaw110mHSnK0Or5aVBsQPnL0m&ust=1530417302895192

 

 

 

Machiajul analog: la realizarea lui se folosesc culori care sunt una langa alta in roata culorilor.

Analogue Makeup: When it’s made use colors that are next to each other in the color wheel.

sursa: https://www.therugseller.co.uk/blogwp/room-colour-can-affect-mood-10738

 

 

 

Machiajul triadic: este efectuat din culori care se gasesc in centrul cromatic la distante egale.

Triadic Makeup: Made from colors that are located in the chromatic center at equal distances.

 

sursa: https://siudy.net/triadic-color-wheel/triadic-color-wheel-by-sherry-green-on-colour-pinterest-s-interior-decorating-with-cool-hues-u-tones-interior-triadic-color-wheel-decorating-jpg/

 

 

Machiajul tetradic: efectuat cu oricare patru culori care sunt duble complementare in schema culorilor. (ex: galben+violet si albastru+portocaliu)..

The tetradic makeup is done with any four colors that are complementary to the color scheme. (eg yellow + violet and blue + orange).

sursa: https://www.google.ro/search?q=tetradic+wheel&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwips8uPwPrbAhXB0qQKHR8LBAYQ_AUICigB&biw=1366&bih=635#imgrc=iw-uwT2uihKTcM:

 

 

Machiajul complementar: realizat cu doua culori care sunt in opozitie una cu cealalta.  Culorile complementare se intensifica daca sunt puse una langa alta si se neutralizeaza daca sunt puse una peste alta.

Complementary makeup: made with two colors that are in opposition to each other. Complementary colors intensify if they are placed side by side and neutralized if they are placed one over the other.

sursa: https://www.cbpofarizonainc.com/complementary-paint-schemes/

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