Tipuri de ten

type of complexion

Este foarte important sa ne cunoastem tipul de ten, astfel putem alege produsele potrivite pentru noi si obtine un machiaj perfect.

 

Din punct de vedere al caracteristicilor principale se disting urmatoarele tipuri de ten:

 

Ten normal:

  • pori mici, aproape invizibili;
  • textura mata, catifelata, fina;
  • pielea nu este friabila;
  • hidratata fara exces, grasa fara sa fie lucioasa;
  • are culoare frumoasa;
  • are elasticitate.

 

Ten uscat:

  • pielea este subtire, fina, fragila, usor iritabila;
  • uneori pielea prezinta riduri fine care se descuameaza usor;
  • pielea nu prezinta elasticitate si rezistenta;
  • glande sebacee putine si lenese;
  • lipseste stratul protector de sebum.

Recomandare:

Daca ai acest tip de ten alege produse cremoase, care sa ofere hidratare pielii tale.  Lotiunile de curatare care contin ingrediente ca uleiul de masline, glicerina, untul de nuca de cocos sau acidul hialuronic sunt benefice pentru acest tip de ten. Foloseste produse ce contin vitamina A, vitamina E si vitamina C pentru a iti imbunatati conditia pielii.

 

Ten deshidratat:

  • este lipsit de apa;
  • pielea nu are suplete si se descuameaza fin, iar de multe ori descuamarea apare insotita de exces de sebum.

Recomandare:

Acest tip de ten are nevoie de produse pe baza de apa, ingrediente ce previn deshidratarea precum castravetele, ureea si mineralele. Evita produsele care contin alcool si inainte de crema de fata aplica un serum pentru o hidratare in profunzime.

 

Ten gras:

  • activitatea pronuntata a glandelor sebacee;
  • orificiile foliculilor pilosebacee sunt dilatate;
  • lipsit de suplete, cu aspect de coaja de portocala;
  • pielea prezinta comedoane – puncte negre si cosuri;
  • pielea este galbuie, lucioasa cu pori mari;
  • neingrijita, in timp, pielea devine cenusie;
  • stratul de celule moarte se amesteca cu sebumul si face ca pielea sa fie mai groasa;
  • imposibilitatea de a elimina toxinele din cauza porilor plini de sebum.

Recomandare:

Dupa demachiere foloseste o lotiune tonica (astringenta), care va indeparta excesul de sebum. Evita totusi produsele astringente pe baza de alcool, care indeparteaza prea mult sebum de la nivelul fetei. Foloseste produse naturale. Pentru crema este indicata o textura gel, usor de absorbit in piele. Ca primer se recomanda unul care sa absoarba excesul de sebum si sa retextureze zonele cu pori deschisi. Iar in ceea ce priveste fondul de ten, alege un produs oil-free.

 

Ten mixt:

  • este o combinatie intre ten gras si uscat/deshidratat;
  • are portiuni cu exces de sebum( de regula frunte, nas, barbie) si portiuni cu piele uscata sau deshidratata.

Recomandare:

Pentru demachiere foloseste un produs bland, care sa nu stimuleze excesul de sebum. Aplica pe zona T un produs care sa absoarba excesul de sebum iar pe zonele uscate un produs pentru hidratare.

 

Ten cuperozic:

  • este o consecinta a spargerii vaselor capilare; Daca vasele capilare isi pierd elasticitatea si in ele ajunge brusc o cantitate mare de sange, acestea nu se pot dilata la timp si se sparg;
  • se prezinta sub forma unei retele de firisoare rosii, subtiri;
  • pielea este subtire, fragila si palida.

Recomandare:

Pe langa produsele specifice tipului de ten se aplica un primer de culoare galbena, care sa neutralizeze culoarea rosie.

 

Ten acneic:

  • sebumul nu poate fi eliminat de piele, din acest motiv, rezervoarele de sebum se infecteaza datorita multiplicarii germenilor;
  • extrem de frecvent la pubertate, cand secretia de sebum este intensa din cauza modificarilor hormonale prin care trece organismul.

Recomandare:

Apele micelare pentru ten acneic sunt o alternativa mai blanda de curatare pentru cei cu tenul agresat, reactiv. Alege produse cosmetice non-comedogene. Pentru o acoperire mai buna aplica fondul de ten in mai multe straturi subtiri. Dupa aplicarea unui strat de fond de ten asteapta un timp pentru ca acesta sa se fixeze, apoi poti continua sa aplici urmatorul strat.

 

Ten matur:

  • pielea prezinta riduri;
  • se schimba culoarea pielii si aspectul catifelat;
  • muschii de sub piele nu mai au elasticitate;
  • glandele sebacee si sudoripare au o activitate redusa;
  • exista posibilitatea aparitiei petelor pe fata si pe maini, din cauza pierderii elasticitatii tesuturilor;
  • se formeaza pungile de sub ochi si de sub barbia dubla;
  • pielea devine aspra;
  • apar negii si exista posibilitatea cresterii alunitelor si a parului de prisos.

Recomandare:

Inainte de aplicarea machiajului foloseste produse hidratante, atat pe ten cat si in zona ochilor si buzelor. Tenul matur necesita un primer cu difuzori optici (particule luminoase) care sa reflecte lumina si sa diminueze astfel vizibilitatea ridurilor. Este recomandata folosirea unui fond de ten hidratant care sa contina si microparticule care se aseaza in ridurile de expresie formate si reflecta lumina, astfel ascunzand semnele imbatranirii. Nu este recomandata folosirea anticearcanului, iar fondul de ten se va folosi intr-o nuanta mai deschisa. Negrul este de evitat in machiajul ochilor.

 

 

English:

It’s very important to know our type of complexion, so we can choose the right products for us and get a perfect makeup.

 

From the point of view of the main characteristics, the following types of complexion are distinguished:

Normal Skin:

  • small pores, almost invisible;
  • texture matte, velvety, soft;
  • the skin is not brittle;
  • hydrated without excess, oily without being glossy;
  • has beautiful color;
  • has elasticity.

 

Dry skin:

  • the skin is thin, smooth, brittle, slightly irritable;
  • sometimes the skin has fine wrinkles that are easily exfoliated;
  • the skin is not elastic and resistant;
  • has few and lazy sebaceous glands;
  • missing the sebum protective layer.

Recommendation:

If you have this type of skin choose creamy products that provide moisturizing to your skin. Cleansing lotions containing ingredients such as olive oil, glycerine, coconut butter or hyaluronic acid are beneficial to this type of complexion. Use products containing vitamin A, vitamin E and vitamin C to improve your skin condition.

 

Dehydrated skin:

  • it is devoid of water;
  • the skin has no suppleness and is fine-desquamated, and often desquamation occurs accompanied by excess sebum.

Recommendation:

This type of skin needs water-based products, ingredients that prevent dehydration such as cucumber, urea and minerals. Avoid alcohol-containing products and apply a deep-hydration serum before applying the cream.

 

Oily skin:

  • pronounced activity of sebaceous glands;
  • the openings of the pilosebaceous follicles are dilated;
  • devoid of suppleness, with the appearance of orange peel;
  • the skin features comedones – black dots and pimples;
  • the skin is yellowish, glossy with large pores;
  • if you do not care for your skin , in time, the skin becomes gray;
  • the dead cell layer blends with sebum and makes the skin thicker;
  • the impossibility of eliminating toxins due to sebum-filled pores.

Recommendation:

After cleansing, use a tonic lotion (astringent) that will remove excess sebum. Avoid  alcohol-based astringent products that remove too much sebum from the face. Use natural products. A gel texture cream is indicated, that is easily absorbed into the skin. As a primer is  recommended one that absorbs excess sebum and retexture the open pores. Choose an oil-free foundation.

 

Mixed skin:

  • is a combination of fat and dry / dehydrated skin;
  • has portions of excess sebum (usually forehead, nose, chin) and portions of dry or dehydrated skin.

Recommendation:

For cleansing use a gentle product that does not stimulate excess sebum. Apply on the T area a product that absorbs excess of sebum and on dry areas a moisturizing product.

 

The rosacea skin:

  • is a consequence of breaking capillary vessels; If the capillary vessels lose their elasticity and suddenly they get a large amount of blood, they can not dilate in time and break;
  • is presented in the form of a network of small, red, thin threads;
  • the skin is thin, fragile and pale.

Recommendation:

In addition to skin-specific products, a yellow primer is used to neutralize red color.

 

Acneic Skin:

  • sebum can not be removed from the skin, therefore, sebum reservoirs are infected due to multiplication of germs;
  • extremely frequent at puberty, when sebum secretion is intense due to hormonal changes through which the body passes.

Recommendation:

Mycelial waters for acne skin are a mild cleansing alternative for those whose skin is aggressive and reactive. Choose non-comedogenic cosmetics. For better coverage, apply the foundation to multiple thin layers. After applying a layer of foundation, wait a while for it to fix, then you can continue to apply the next layer.

 

The mature skin:

  • skin has wrinkles;
  • skin color and velvety appearance change;
  • the muscles under the skin are no longer elastic;
  • sebaceous glands and sweat glands have a reduced activity;
  • there is the possibility of appearance of stains on the face and hands, due to loss of tissue elasticity;
  • the bags under the eyes and under the double chin are formed;
  • the skin becomes harsh;
  • the warts appear and there is the possibility of increasing the amount of  moles and excess hair.

Recommendation:

Before applying makeup, use moisturizing products, both on the skin and in the area of ​​the eyes and lips. Mature skin requires a primer with optical diffusers (light particles) that reflects light and thus diminishes wrinkle vision. It is recommended to use a moisturizing foundation that also contains microparticles that are placed in the expression wrinkles formed and reflect the light, thus hiding the signs of aging. It is not recommended to use the concealer, and the foundation will be used in a lighter shade.  Avoid black in eye makeup.

 

 

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