cape Kaliakra

Cape Kaliakra – the place where history is born from the sea

On the travel side I haven’t written in a long time. I decided to upload videos to Youtube, but I realized that only through a video, I can’t transmit everything I have to say. So

On the travel side I haven’t written in a long time. I decided to upload videos to Youtube, but I realized that only through a video, I can’t transmit everything I have to say. So I lifted my sleeves and took the keyboard off the bridge and started writing.

Cape Kaliakra is a special place that will remain drawn in my heart. A place where history is intertwined with the romance of the blue sea. The infinite of the clear sky merges into the depths of the sea and breaks through a rocky, imposing promontory that has witnessed stories for so many generations.

Cape Caliacra is located in northeastern Bulgaria, 12 km southeast of Kavarna. It is probably one of the most attractive tourist places on the Black Sea coast, for its rich history and well-preserved landscape.

Kaliakra is a natural and archaeological reserve. There are over 400 species of plants and 310 types of birds in the reserve. Special measures are needed for the conservation of 100 of these birds. Also, Kaliakra is an important point for migratory birds, as Via Pontica, the second largest migratory route in Europe, passes here.

History:

The first records that provide information about the people who lived here date back to the 4th century BC, when a Thracian tribe raised here a fortress called Tirizis.

The settlement consisted of two parts: the inner city and the outer city. The first wall protected the city in the direction of the earth. Its remnants are now 2 m high and 440 m long. The remains of many buildings were discovered on the territory of the outer city. A large building that was a bath from the 4th century AD. it has been preserved to this day and can be found there. Tourists can also see an almost completely preserved vaulted masonry from the same period. During the archaeological excavations, several medieval churches were also discovered. (according to https://bulgariatravel.org/en/object/35/Kaliakra#map=6/42.750/25.380)

The Greeks renamed it Kali Akra, meaning “good shelter”, a name retained by the Turks, in the form of Celigra. In the 14th century, the Dobrogea Despotate established its capital here, while the monks transformed the cliffs into a schist.

In 1396, the fortress was besieged by the Turks and saved by the intervention of the voivodes in Muntenia, but in 1421 it was conquered and destroyed.

Between 1913-1916 and 1918-1940, the head was part of Caliacra County, Romania. In the 1930s, the Romanian naturalist Grigore Antipa founded here a marine zoological research station of the Bio-Oceanographic Institute in Constanța, which, after the war, housed a platoon of Bulgarian border guards whose ruins are still to the right of the road leading to it. at the fortress, one kilometer to the west. (Wikipedia)

Legends:

In such a place surrounded by the magic of the sea, the legends never ceased to appear.

  • Probably the most popular legend about this place is one of 40 Bulgarian girls, who tied their hair to each other (not to be left behind), and to jump into the Black Sea, rather than be captured by the Ottomans. An obelisk dedicated to this legend is placed at the entrance to the Cape, called The Gate of the 40 Maidens.
  • Another legend is that of Saint Nicholas, the patron saint of sailors. He was running away from the Ottomans when God made the earth below him, longer and longer, in order to escape, and Cape formed that way. The saint was finally captured and a chapel was built in 1993, symbolizing his tomb.
  • A third legend is about Lysimac, a descendant of Alexander the Great, who confiscated the royal treasure and escaped to Kaliakra, dying in a major storm along with his entire fleet.

 

Food:

Yes!!! At Cape Kaliakra you will find, probably one of the best restaurants I have been to. Their dishes are delicious and the portions are very large. The salty smell of the sea and the endless horizon complement the stylish décor of the room.

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